Tennis is a sport that can be played individually or in doubles, and the field also changes depending on the number of players.
It is a very emblematic sport recognized throughout the world and there are names like Roger Federer or Rafael Nadal, who even those who do not know and do not follow the sport have probably heard of them.

The history of tennis

The modern game of tennis is associated with England, and in fact it was this country that began to raise this sport to new audiences and make it as popular as it is today, as evidenced by this Wimbledon tournament, the oldest tournament. of the world, which takes place in London since 1877.
Tennis is currently an Olympic sport, from 1988 in Seoul, but this sport has already been an Olympic mode for some years now, but it was finally eliminated, because there were still no such fixed and comprehensive rules on all sides. The International Federation of Tennis Rules solved this situation in 1924 and this was one of the reasons why the sport began to evolve more and more clubs appeared.

How to play tennis

As mentioned, tennis can be played individually or in doubles.
The goal is to send the ball to the other side and must move within the opponent’s field and always do so until a player hits the ball or ends up making a mistake.
The game of tennis is composed of sets 3, being the winner of the game that manages to win the first sets 2.

The sets consist of games / games, and the goal is to get to games 6 first. In order for the set to end, there must be at least one difference between the 2 games between the players. If 6/6 remains in the game, a tie-break will have to be played, which functions as an additional game, and who can win this game and get to Game 7 first, wins the set.

The games are scored as follows: 15, 30, 40. Each time the player wins a move, the player wins 15, then moves to 30, … until after 40, if he wins another move, he wins the game if he has the advantage of game 2 If 40/40 remains, for example, it is called the deuce each time they are tied and the game ends only when one of them reaches a play advantage 2.

Tennis Court

Tennis is played in a rectangular field, the two measures vary if they are played individually or in pairs, thus making it wider.

The court is 23.77 meters long and 8.23 ​​meters wide for singles and about 10.97 meters for doubles. There is a need for extra space around the court for players to reach the balls.

The field is divided in two, by a network that, at the ends, measures 1.07-meters and in the center measures 91.4 centimeters. It is also divided by different lines, and the lower part delimits the field, then has a space of 6.4 meters from the net, on each side of it, which is then divided into two, which is called the service area. This area serves as a reference for where the ball should bounce in the service of the opposing player.

Its surface can change a lot, with 3 main variations for it.

Clay / Earth

This variation of the soil is composed of clay, clay, brick dust, among others, being called clay, and is the slowest floor, both for players and for balls when it touches the ground.

If you are one of those players who relies too much on speed or has an absolutely fast and strong shot, this floor is not the best for you –


Hardcourt or hard floor is already faster than the previous one and can be made from different materials, such as cement, tartan, asphalt or even wood. Australian Open or US Open trains are played on this type of ground.


Definitely, the type of court with a faster game, being that it offers little friction and thus the ball moves faster. Also, it may have small irregularities due to the grass cutting, which, although small, can make a difference in the direction of the ball. The Wimbledon tournament is played on grass / grass.



Tennis equipment is very simple. As for clothing, there is no rule that uniforms should be worn and each player usually wears clothes of similar size that prevent them from traveling as much as possible. The rest, just on the rocket and the ball.


The rocket must have a flat surface, consisting of horizontal and vertical sleepers, and the string must be uniform.

In terms of size, it should not exceed 73.7 inches in length and 31.7 inches in width. The rocket must not contain anything that changes the player’s performance, such as something that changes the rocket’s weight distribution.


It is usually yellow, with a uniform outer surface and there can be no visible seams. It should have a diameter between 6.35 and 6.67 centimeters and weigh between 56.7 and 58.5 grams.



In a tennis match there are a total of approximately 12 judges divided into a judge, a network judge, a side and center judge, a service judge and a service judge. Below you will see who each of them is and what functions. Observe the figure above with the explanations below.

President Judge: He is responsible for ordering the match. He announces the score and has the power to reverse the decisions of the other referees. Sanctions such as warning, loss of point and suspension apply.

Network Judge: Checks if the ball touches the net during a series. An electronic device can help you.

Judge: I’m two blocks away. They are responsible for taking care if the opponent’s player’s service has not left the service line.

Judge on duty: There are two. They observe if the athlete does not fall on the line at the time of service.

Line Judges: There are four line judges, two on each side of the court. They are responsible for identifying whether or not the service has entered the service area and advising the President on absences.

Central Line Judge: There are two. Notice if the ball touches the right side of the court at the time of service.

Court Judge: He may suspend the game due to bad weather, for example. In addition, an athlete may be disqualified for unsportsmanlike conduct.

Ball: He is responsible for catching the balls on the field and reaching the players.


In tennis there are several categories of tournaments, being separated by the number of points for the ATP ranking of tennis players around the world.

The main tennis tournaments are called “Grand Slam” and consist of 4 tournaments (Rolland Garros, Wimbledon, US Open, Australian Open), in order to win these tournaments, being the top tennis, if every year.

Curiosity: Tennis Roger Federer is currently the tennis player with several Grand Slam tournaments won, based on titles 17.

There are other categories, such as 1000 Masters or 500 and 250 Masters, these names being due to the number of points assigned to the winner of the tournament in the standings.

Terms used in tennis

(Ace / Ace) – When a player does a service that the opponent could not answer;
(Approach / Approach) – When the player moves to get closer to the net to try to close the game by reducing the range of motion of the opponent.
Rever – Tap with the back of the hand pointing forward (it happens when it touches the opposite side of the dominant one);
Pause – Wins the game in which the opponent has the service;
Breakpoint – When the player is about to win the game when the opposing player is served.
Leads – background shot from the field;
damping – when the player gives a spin effect on the ball to play short and close to the net;
Missing – When the player does not perform a valid service. If you make two consecutive fouls, you will receive one point for your opponent.
foremost – When struck with the palm of the hand pointing forward (opposite the back)
Net – In service, the ball hits the net and falls into the opponent’s field, because it must be repeated and is not considered a foul;
throw up – Ballooned to the bottom of the yard;
Passing the shot – Take a long shot to get over the opponent and fall on your back;
Advantage – The advantage point when tied, for example, was 40/40, and the player scored a point, thus gaining the advantage, with only one point left to win the game;